Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental condition or disability in humans that can cause several significant, social, communication and behavioral changes. All people who have ASD have a lot of trouble interacting and communicating normally. Their way of functioning, their activities, their skills all are very different and may have to be further developed with the help of some therapies.
Role of occupational therapy (OT) in the treatment of ASD
Occupational therapy deals with the study of human development and growth. It also tackles issues of a person’s interaction through his daily activities. This therapy uses a variety of strategies to help kids feel good and respond better to the world around them. Basic occupational therapy is carried out to make the child’s life more efficient and easier to manage in familiar environments.
Sensory integration therapy
This therapy helps in providing a controlled sensory stimulation with the help of certain activities like rubbing the body, brushing, deep pressure and compression of joints and so on. ‘Sensory Diets’ are often implemented as a part of the sensory integration therapy. This diet involves wearing of weighted vests to provide deep pressure to the entire body which eventually has a calming effect on the child’s nervous system. The benefits of using a weighted vest on an autistic kid have been researched extensively and it has been recommended that wearing of these vests has an extremely calming effect on the child and he is most receptive to his immediate environment. The theory behind the benefit of wearing this weighted vest is that it fits the body snuggly almost like a ‘portable hug’. This tight hug stimulates the muscles and joint through ‘deep pressure touch stimulation’ and has a reassuring effect on the entire body system.
Remarkable improvements have been observed in children and even adults after regular usage of this therapeutic aid. A feeling of security and a sense of focus are the common developmental changes that have been observed.
Alcohol, when used in moderation doesn’t harm people. But it becomes an addiction when people use it as an excuse to manage social, personal or any other pressures. When alcohol is consumed more than what the body can handle, it leads to a lot of serious health problems. It also leads to destructive behavior that cause harm to both self and others.
Alcohol Abuse – Short Term Effects
Consuming alcohol at lower levels (in safe levels) help in decreasing the risk of cardiovascular disease and certain conditions like dementia. But when it goes above the safe level (which varies from person to person), they lead to a lot of side-effects. All these side-effects are due to the activity of the brain getting slowed down.
Excess Alcohol Intake leads to
Nausea and Vomiting
Loss of Consciousness temporarily
Loss of bladder control
Blackouts, Coma or even death
Some of the Short-term effects of Alcohol Use are Slurring of Speech, Emotional Changes, and Drowsiness.
Alcohol Abuse – Long Term Effects
If alcohol is consumed over the long term, it gradually leads to the death of brain cells, thus, resulting in brain disorders. The Dangers of Alcohol consumption don’t stop here. Liver damage is one critical condition and could lead to cirrhosis that requires a liver transplant. It also leads to pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) and also causes nerve damage.
One more dangerous effect of alcohol is Tolerance. In this case, the body is accustomed to very high doses of alcohol and the long-term drinker consumes large amounts of alcohol without experiencing any of the short-term effects. This leads to addiction which should be treated immediately.
There are much more to discuss the dangers of alcohol. If you know someone who is a long-time alcohol addict, please take them to a detox program immediately.
Being an athlete is not as simple as it is thought to be. For being a great athlete, one need to have the ability to sustain high forces at high speeds i.e., one needs the strength and speed for generating power. For generating the power needed, bigger muscles are required. Only muscles are capable of producing the maximum force at a given speed.
When an athlete trains his body with higher intensity to be more swift, the body is depleted of carbohydrates, amino acids, fat, water, and electrolytes. Hence, the nutritional priorities are to replace the carbohydrates and amino acids lost during training. If there is a failure in replacing these elements, it causes the body to break down the muscle tissues thus, causing serious losses to the muscle mass, strength, speed, and power. This is called catabolism.
Lean Mass Gainers – Making of the Muscles
Lean mass Gainers have an important role in the making of muscle. These supplements contain fast absorbing proteins that on ingestion increases the amino acid levels in the body thus, stimulating the muscle protein anabolism. When the amino acids rise in the blood stream, the muscle building reaction will be greater.
Lean Mass Gainers – Stops Muscle Loss
Most of the lean mass gainer supplements contain maltodextrin that is suitable for post-workout intake. These complex carbohydrates are fast absorbing and they are absorbed triple the times greater but at the same speed of the normal simple sugars. When they are absorbed faster, it will help in suppressing the cortisol. It also helps restore the glycogen and amino acids in the muscles. This means that muscle recovery is promoted by these supplements so that the next workout can be done with greater power output.
A healthy lean mass gainer has a high protein to carb ratio, has BCAAs for muscle recovery and other amino acids that help the athletes to perform better.